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History of National Technical University of Ukraine Kiev Polytechnic Institute
During the celebration ceremony on August 31, 1898 the Director of Trade and Manufacturing Department had proclaimed an Order of the Russian Emperor Nicolai II on establishing of Kiev Polytechnic Institute. By Czar’s Order the following four Colleges were established: Mechanical (109 students), Engineering (101 student), Agricultural (87 students), and Chemical (63 students).
The idea to establish a technical educational institution was generated 18 years earlier on February 18, 1880.
The Association of Sugar Mill Owners from the South West region of Russia, "in honor of the 25th anniversary of the reign of Alexander II, the Liberator," had decided to collect the necessary funds to establish a technical institution. The Sugar Mill Owners donated 1 000 374 roubles. One of them was a famous sponsor: Georgiy Ippolitovich Gnizdovsky (Gniazdowski, first from the left, bottom row).
Organizations and persons who donated the funds: Kiev Municipal Duma (Parliament) - 300 000 roubles, Mr. Tereshchenko with sons – 150 000 roubles, Kiev Land Bank - 15 000 roubles, Association of Krasilevsky sugar mill - 2 000 roubles, etc. Altogether about 139 associations, banks, factories, Departments, and citizens donated funds for the construction of the University. The total cost of construction and equipment was 2 650 000 roubles.
The total area of buildings of the Kiev Polytechnic Institute without some wooden constructions and constructions on the Second Experimental Field (the station to test agricultural devices and machines), was impressive – 9 110 080 cubic feet. The main building occupied 4 841 102 cubic feet, Chemical Pavilion occupied 1 906 051 cubic feet, a Mechanical Shop (2 buildings) occupied 906 549 cubic feet, a farmyard – 101 528 cubic feet and an office building – 9 261 cubic feet.
The meeting of the representatives of City Council, Exchange Committee, and Kiev educational, technical and financial communities took place under the chairmanship of Kiev's Mayor S. M. Solskiy on November 25, 1896 in the house of P.I. Brodskiy, who was the Municipal Duma speaker. S. M. Solskiy made the Report, which was actually the first document in the history of the technical educational institution in Kiev. This document proclaimed: "Most appropriate type of a new educational institution is defined as a Polytechnic Institute, consisting of several departments of different specialities, similar to the Polytechnic Institutes at Zurich, Karlsrue, Munich, Vienna, Hanover, Aachen, Dresden, Riga, etc".
Essential scientific and management assistance was made by the following leading Russian scientists:
· Professor D. I. Mendeleev;
· Professor M. E. Zhukovskiy;
· Professor K. A. Timiryazev.
Professor Dmitri Mendeleev became the first Head of the State Examination Commission of Kiev Polytechnic Institute in 1903 (fourth from the right, bottom row).
Professor Victor Kirpichev, a famous specialist in mechanics, strength of materials, and graphic statics, was appointed the first Director of KPI. He invited famous scientists to teach students of Kiev Polytechnic Institute:
· Professor M.I. Konovalov, a famous scientist in oil refining;
· Professor S.M. Reformatskiy, a prominent chemist, whose books were used by several generations of students;
· Professor K.O. Zvorykin, one of the pioneers in metal cutting theory;
· Professor V.P. Ermakov, the Head of the European Association of Mathematicians.
Due to the efforts of these famous scientists the following scientific schools were established in Kiev Polytechnic Institute :
· Graphic static and strength theory (Prof. V. L. Kirpichev, Prof. S. P. Timoshenko, and Prof. K. K. Siminskiy);
· Erection of bridges and Means of communication (Prof. E. O. Paton, Prof. T. D. Dubelir);
· Metallurgy (Prof. V. P. Izhevskiy, Prof. V. Yu. Vasiliyev);
· Electrochemistry and chemistry of waterless solutions (Prof. V. A. Piastnikov, Prof. V. F. Timofeev);
· Fibrous material technology (Prof. V. G. Shaposhnikov).
From 1908 to 1910 the group of young followers of Prof. N. E. Zhukovskiy established an Aircraft Design Laboratory at KPI under the supervision of Prof. M. B. Delonet. Many famous aircraft designers began their career in this Laboratory:
· D.P. Grigorovich – the designer of the first flying boat;
· Igor Sikorsky – the designer of the Russian large four-engine airplane "Illya Muromets", and American military helicopters;
· Prof. A.S. Kudashov – the creator of the first Russian airplane with a gasoline engine.
Kiev Polytechnic Institute became the foundation for the broadening and reinforcing of higher education networks in Kyiv and Ukraine. From 1922 to 1933, and later, some KPI departments and colleges were transformed into the following institutes: Institute of Railroad Engineers in Dnipropetrovsk; Institute of Marine Engineering in Odessa ; Textile Institute in Kharkiv; Institute of Civil Aviation Engineers in Kyiv; Ukrainian Academy of Agriculture; Road-Transport Institute in Kyiv; Technology Institute of Light Industry in Kyiv; Vinnytsa Polytechnic Institute; Institute of Industrial Engineering in Cherkasy; Technology Institute in Chernihiv.
The contagious enthusiasm of KPI professor faculty, their care and thoughtfulness about students, the collaboration and free flow of ideas that was needed in truly remarkable scientific research, all that helped these famous teachers to raise the pleiad of talented engineers, and to take great pride in their students. They inspired, supported and encouraged students to do great things.
Nowadays the professor faculty of our historic University, which is famous for its academic excellence and innovative research, supports the great spirit created by the famous scientists. Our professor faculty provides the world's highest-quality university education that makes National Technical University of Ukraine 'Kyiv Polytechnic Institute' the right place to study and to work.