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Paton Evgeny Oskarovich (1870-1953)
Evgeny (Eugene) Oskarovich Paton graduated from Dresden Polytechnic Institute in 1894, and from Petersburg Institute of Railway Roads in 1896. He was a lecturer at Moscow Engineering College of Railway Roads (1989-1904). Evgeny Oskarovich Paton was a Professor of Kiev Polytechnic Institute, and the Chairman of the Bridge Department from 1904 to 1938. In 1929 he organized a welding laboratory and Electric Welding Committee. In 1934 Evgeny Paton founded the Electric Welding Institute of the Academy of Sciences of Ukrainian SSR. During 1945-1952 he was a Vice-President of the Academy of Sciences of Ukrainian SSR.
Eugeny Paton was a pioneer researcher of the new joining – welding technology for the materials. In order to make welding a reliable technological process it was necessary to conduct a comprehensive research of the mechanics of welded structures, welding metallurgical processes, and physics of the arc, as well as to develop the welding equipment and tools, and consumables and new welding techniques.
Evgeny Paton created the methods of design of rational bridge spans, investigated the conditions of their operation, and suggested the methods to restore the damaged bridges. He carried out the research on calculation and strength of welded structures, mechanization of welding processes, and fundamentals of welding. He supervised the development of the method of automatic submerged arc welding. During the World War II Evgeny Paton supervised the design and production of the equipment and technology of the automatic welding of special steels, tanks, bombs, etc.
Evgeny Oskarovich Paton supervised the wide implementation of welding in industry, the design and production of the assembly-welding production lines. He made the design of welded bridges. He founded a domestic school of metal welding. Evgeny Oskarovich Paton was awarded almost all highest Soviet government and scientific awards and prizes, and the Title of the Hero of Socialist Labour.
Evgeny Oskarovich Paton was the father of Boris Evgenievich Paton, the President of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.